Tilton Conservation Commission
257 Main Street, Tilton, NH 03276
Tilton, NH

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Fall 2015 Newsletter

A Special Place in Tilton

Start of WRTA trail in Tilton             view of river from Ernie's

The Winnipesaukee River Trail Nears Completion

It's been a busy spring, summer, and fall as work has continued in earnest to continue the trail
from the former Maher's Welding to a newly-created parking area across from the Tilton Police
Station.  The trail and its fencing have been completed. The parking lot has been lined with boulders.
 Perennials have been planted along the edge  of the parking area. Both Salmon Run Conservation Area
 and part of the former Ernie's have been seeded with wildflowers. There was a sea of black-eyed Susans
    this fall. A kiosk will be erected before winter. The area has a split rail fence along the main road bringing
 a touch of  country living to a busy highway. You will want to check out the new trail and the expanded
views of the Winnipesaukee River. It's worth a look.

winter garden mulched with leaves

Putting Your Garden to Bed
(Thanks to the Old Farmer's Almanac)

After the first killing frost:

 *Pull up tomato, squash, bean, and pea plants. They can go into a compost pile if not diseased.
Otherwise, they need to be burned or discarded.

* Remove all weeds and debris so they don't become places for insects and diseases to lurk.

* Till the soil and add compost, leaves, lime, or manure. Or, sew winter rye or another cover crop.

*You CAN leave carrots, parsnips, leeks, and turnips in the ground for early winter harvesting.

*Clean tools and store them inside for the winter so they'll be ready in the spring.

2015-2016 Winter Storm Names from The Weather Channel

Winter 2015 storm names

 Cord Wood   cordwood in a pile

In New Hampshire there is only one legal way to sell wood, and that is by the full cord.
A cord of wood measures 4 feet wide x 4 feet tall x 8 feet long. This is true regardless of
whether the wood is in log length, 4-foot bolts, or cut and split. The smaller the pieces of wood,
 the more compact the wood piles and the more wood fiber is actually in the pile. The amount
of “shrinkage” when the wood is bucked and/or split is highly variable,
 depending on the size of the logs and how straight they are.

(Courtesy of the NH Timberland Owners Association)

Fall leaves   Leaves Change Colors

In the fall, because of changes in the length of daylight and changes in temperature, the leaves stop their food-making process.
The chlorophyll breaks down, the green color disappears, and the yellow to orange colors become visible and give the leaves part
of their fall splendor.

At the same time other chemical changes may occur, which form additional colors through the development of red anthocyanin
pigments. Some mixtures give rise to the reddish and purplish fall colors of trees such as dogwoods and sumacs, while others
give the sugar maple its brilliant orange.

The autumn foliage of some trees show only yellow colors. Others, like many oaks, display mostly browns. All these colors are due
 to the mixing of varying amounts of the chlorophyll residue and other pigments in the leaf during the fall season.

Temperature, light, and water supply have an influence on the degree and the duration of fall color. Low temperatures
bove freezing will favor anthocyanin formation producing bright reds in maples. However, early frost will weaken the
brilliant red color. Rainy and/or overcast days tend to increase the intensity of fall colors.